DataFrame Style functions

Sedona SQL functions can be used in a DataFrame style API similar to Spark functions.

The following objects contain the exposed functions: org.apache.spark.sql.sedona_sql.expressions.st_functions, org.apache.spark.sql.sedona_sql.expressions.st_constructors, org.apache.spark.sql.sedona_sql.expressions.st_predicates, and org.apache.spark.sql.sedona_sql.expressions.st_aggregates.

Every functions can take all Column arguments. Additionally, overloaded forms can commonly take a mix of String and other Scala types (such as Double) as arguments.

In general the following rules apply (although check the documentation of specific functions for any exceptions):

  1. Every function returns a Column so that it can be used interchangeably with Spark functions as well as DataFrame methods such as or DataFrame.join.
  2. Every function has a form that takes all Column arguments. These are the most versatile of the forms.
  3. Most functions have a form that takes a mix of String arguments with other Scala types.
  1. Column type arguments are passed straight through and are always accepted.
  2. str type arguments are always assumed to be names of columns and are wrapped in a Column to support that. If an actual string literal needs to be passed then it will need to be wrapped in a Column using pyspark.sql.functions.lit.
  3. Any other types of arguments are checked on a per function basis. Generally, arguments that could reasonably support a python native type are accepted and passed through. 4. Shapely Geometry objects are not currently accepted in any of the functions.

The exact mixture of argument types allowed is function specific. However, in these instances, all String arguments are assumed to be the names of columns and will be wrapped in a Column automatically. Non-String arguments are assumed to be literals that are passed to the sedona function. If you need to pass a String literal then you should use the all Column form of the sedona function and wrap the String literal in a Column with the lit Spark function.

A short example of using this API (uses the array_min and array_max Spark functions):

val values_df = spark.sql("SELECT array(0.0, 1.0, 2.0) AS values")
val min_value = array_min("values")
val max_value = array_max("values")
val point_df =, max_value).as("point"))
from pyspark.sql import functions as f

from sedona.sql import st_constructors as stc

df = spark.sql("SELECT array(0.0, 1.0, 2.0) AS values")

min_value = f.array_min("values")
max_value = f.array_max("values")

df =, max_value).alias("point"))

The above code will generate the following dataframe:

|point      |
|POINT (0 2)|

Some functions will take native python values and infer them as literals. For example:

df =, 3.0).alias("point"))

This will generate a dataframe with a constant point in a column:

|point      |
|POINT (1 3)|